Trained in psychiatry at the Hospital of the University of Pennsylvania and the Philadelphia Child Guidance Center, he participated in cognitive therapy research with Aaron T. Similarly, in the research done by Biblarz and Stacey, in 31 of the 33 studies of two-parent families, it was the parents who provided the data, which consisted of subjective judgments. A father's presence in the home protects a child from fear and strengthens a child's ability to feel safe. A Canadian study Allenwhich analyzed data from a very large population-based sample, revealed that the children of gay and lesbian couples are only about 65 percent as likely to have graduated from high school as are the children of married, opposite-sex couples. Journal of Scientific Research and Reports 5 5:
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10 things you’ll only know if you’ve grown up with gay parents
The study demonstrated that children gestated by a surrogate had higher adjustment difficulties at age 7 than the other children. Share this article via facebook Share this article via twitter. They would be deprived of the experience of either fatherhood or motherhood. Clinical experience would suggest that motherlessness, while not studied as extensively as fatherlessness, causes even greater damage to a child, because the role of the mother is so crucial in establishing a child's ability to trust and to feel safe in relationships. As with the Gartrell and Bos study, this created a social desirability bias, because the lesbian parents knew full well why the study was being done. Marks stated that this strong assertion made by the APA was not empirically warranted.
Institute for American Values. Men in gay unions are now also seeking biologically related children through the use of surrogate mothers. Mothers tend to be more soothing; 3. Psychological adjustment of year-old adolescents. Review of Economics of the Household Journal List Linacre Q v. Trained in psychiatry at the Hospital of the University of Pennsylvania and the Philadelphia Child Guidance Center, he participated in cognitive therapy research with Aaron T.