Until the s, homosexuality was considered a mental illness and homosexuals were forced by the government to undergo treatment. Archived PDF from the original on June 15, Retrieved October 1, J Marital Fam Ther. Krafft-Ebing believed that hypnosis was therefore the "only means of salvation"  in most cases. Shirts worn at all times, including periods of sleep.
However, following the increased visibility of the homosexual community during the AIDS epidemic of the late s and the declassification of homosexuality as a mental disorder in the ICD, non-pathological, rather than pathological, models of homosexuality became mainstream.
For a year, I attended weekly individual therapy sessions where I was encouraged to blame my distant relationship with my father and over-involved relationship with my mother for my same-sex desires. Special Projects. You are not under mind control. Krafft-Ebing criticised several objections to medical treatment of homosexuality, including the charges that it was ineffective and that it gave an opportunity "to tainted individuals to propagate their perversions".