By the late Republic, criminal penalties lapsed except in the case of homosexual rapebut the Romans indeed believed that the passive homosexual forfeited his masculinity. A Friendly Society? Boswell attempts to dismiss four hundred years' worth of penitentials in a few paragraphs of Christianity, Social Tolerance, and Homosexualitypp. Although status is not an issue, the legal concept of sexuality in former British colonies in Africa is still based on the Roman belief in the importance of the interaction between sexual acts, sexual roles and gender roles. There is nothing wrong with Gay Marriage. Bailey n 71 above
It then illustrates how, due to the influence of these laws on the formulation of Victorian laws on unnatural acts, the Roman legal concept of sexuality underlies the laws which exist in many former British colonies.
Alain of Lille [Alanus de lnsulis], The complaint of nature [extracts]". In recent years there has been a surge of homophobia across Africa. Bailey n 71 above See n 21 above.
And we also, wisely and prudently having in reverence the sacred season, entreat God the merciful that those who have been contaminated by the filth of this impious conduct may strive for penitence.